Microsoft’s flagship operating system (OS) is Windows. It was introduced in 1985 which was based on Graphical User Interface (GUI) and was released in many version as bellow. Microsoft was started with partnership of Bill Gates and Paul Allen in 1975. Gates and Allen co-founded Xenix (A version of Unix) and also collaborated on a Basic interpreter for the Altair 8800.The company was legalised on 1981.
History of Microsoft And Windows
Microsoft gained a vast area in the field of technology with the release of MS-DOS. It was a text based command-line driven operating System. As a result DOS was based on a purchased intellectual property. GUI based operating systems of that time which included Xerox’s Alto.
Here, Gates saw the potential for GUI based operating system which was easy for use for the users and loved them and therefore he started a project and named it as Interface Manager. Apple’s LISA and Macintosh system which came later after MS-DOS and were offering it for $9000, here Gates thought he could bring GUI to vast range of audience and lower its cost. Microsoft supported this idea and Microsoft announced its first Operating system “Windows 1.0” in 1983. The company used some feature which was licensed from Apple for portion of its interface. So Microsoft then released Windows 1.0 in 1985. Apple sued Microsoft and Hewlett Packard for $5.5 billion in 19888,claiming it didn’t give authorisation foo use any of the GUI elements
Competitors to Windows are Apple’s macOS and the open source Linux operating system from Linus Torvalds. Apple’s macOS is known for its stability and user experience, the free pricegives Linux an edge in availability.
Microsoft Windows Version
1985: Windows 1.0
Many other versions of Microsoft’s based on GUI operating system, Windows 1.0 too ran on the top of DOS. After the firstannouncement Microsoft did not release the system until two years. After its first announcement, because there was a suggestion rolled out that Windows was vaporware (It is an technical term saying the announcement of the software and that software which wasn’t released).The release was a difficult start for Gates. User founded the software un stable. The user friendly nature of Windows drew interest of the customer who loved command line interface with scroll bars and “OK” buttons.
1987: Windows 2.0
Windows 2.0 was faster, so more stable and had more GUI features which was common with the Apple Lisa came into being. System ran the very first versions of Excel and Word. Windows upgraded it capability with Intel’s 80386 processor. It was during the time when Microsoft became the largest vendor to the world which was user friendly and relatively affordable was a contributing factor for the growing PC Market.
1990: Windows 3.0
Microsoft Windows 3.0 still ran on top of DOS, on the 386 processor for a more responsive system. Window 3.0 supported 16 colours and include casual games which was familiar for many users the games were like Solitaire, Minesweeper which ran directly on MS_DOS.
1993: Windows NT
Windows NT’s release was a mark compilation of a side project to build a new, advanced OS.NT was a 32 bit and OS was able to directly interact with hardware. NT was designed as a workstation OS for business rather for home users. As a result Start button appears at left hand side bottom corner was introduced on Windows NT.
1995: Windows 95
As they released in 1995, the used the name as Windows 95.95 introduced operation system to a wider audience with a marketing campaign that featured. The rolling stones song “Start me UP” to celebrate the start biotin arrival to the masses Microsoft also released support for 32 bit colour depth which enhanced multimedia capabilities and network support.
1998: Windows 98
As they released in 1998, the used the name as Windows 98. And Plug and Play hardware support in Windows 98 was upgraded. First time support for USB was launched and Quick Launch bar in this release.Windows gaming technology was improved. Microsoft integrated web technology into the Windows user interface and owned a web browser for the desktop.
2000: Windows ME
Windows ME (Millennium Edition) it was develop by using codebase of Windows 95. It had new feature System Restore but many customers found it to be unstable. Therefore Microsoft released the professional desktop OS Windows 2000 on the same year. Some users installed Windows 2000 for its greater reliability.
2001: Windows XP
Using NT based system Microsoft delivered Windows XP. Therefore home users and critics rated XP as very useful. As Microsoft improved Windows appearance with colourful themes and provided stable platform. XP offered first Windows support for 64 bit computing, but it wasn’t very well supported.
2006: Windows Vista
Microsoft spent a lot of resources for development of Windows Vista to develop a polished appearance. Therefore it had visual effects which was loved by every user, but the OS was slow to start and run .
2009: Windows 7
On the vista kernel Microsoft build Windows 7. Windows 7 picked up visual capabilities from vista but giving stable version. With 64 bit support, 7 proved to be popular release for users.
2012: Windows 8
Metro interface is used by Microsoftfor the first time. As a result Windows took good advantage by using multicore processing and solid state drives (SSD), touchscreens and other alternate input methods.
2015: Windows 10
Microsoft announced Windows 10 in September 2014, skipping the release for Windows 9. This version included logo for start menu which was absent from Windows 8.Feature called Continuum adapts the interface which is depending while we use touchscreen, mouse, keyboard for input. PCs, mobiles and tablets are supporting Windows 10 nowadays.